Under the 80:20 norm, put in place in August 2013 to curb high gold inflows that was widening the current account deficit, at least 20% of the imported gold had to be mandatorily exported before bringing in new lots. The surprise move comes a time when the industry was actually expecting more curbs imports of gold which is seen as an unproductive asset attracting household savings away from the financial markets.
“It has been decided by the Government of India to withdraw the 20:80 scheme and restrictions placed on import of gold. Accordingly, all instructions issued about the scheme from time to time…stand withdrawn with immediate effect,” the RBI said in a notification.
Gold imports jumped 280% to US $4.17 billion in October, as per the latest trade data. The in-bound shipments touched 95 tonnes in September this year as against 12 tonnes a year ago. There were apprehensions in the market that government and the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) may clamp more restrictions to curb the rising gold imports. “We believe the move (to scrap 80:20) will do away with the distortions and calm the market which was anticipating some curbs to restrict gold imports,” an official said, adding this would help reduce imports.
“This scheme was totally impractical as it was promoting monoplistic business practices. After scrapping of this scheme, gold prices may come down as there is dip in overall demand in global markets, crude prices are already down and now importers will also charge less premium on import of gold,” All India Gems and Jewellery Federation Chairman Haresh Soni told PTI. Sources said the 80:20 scheme was initially seen as “working” as gold imports had slowed, but the shipments surged after certain relaxations were given by then UPA government in its last days.
The norms were relaxed in in May and six private sector trading firms were permitted to import the gold under the 80:20 scheme. Initially, only state-owned firms and banks were permitted to import.
The six private firms, which were given relaxation, accounted for 40% of the total gold imports in April-September, sources said.